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Sikh Wedding Ceremony and Rituals

Sikh bride

Marriage is not just about love. It is more than that. It is about commitment, giving, taking and understanding. Typically, the Sikh wedding ceremony is called the Anand Karaj (“ceremony of bliss”).

Specialties About Sikh Wedding

  • Sikh and Punjabi wedding rituals are very colorful, exciting yet simple and religious with plenty of delicious food and peppy dancing and last for a week and more
  • The Sikhs custom does not believe in fixing an auspicious date for the wedding as the date of the wedding generally decided mutually by the families of Sikh bride and groom it is a different tradition from Hindu traditional practices which beliefs in a priest fixing an auspicious date for the wedding
  • Unlike Hinduism, Sikhism does not support dowries in marriage, believing that women are entitled to equality as individuals and are not to be treated as objects or lower class citizens. Both men and women partake in the spiritual journey of the Sikh marriage.
  • Sikh marriages are usually arranged with families but the ultimate choice is always left to the girl and boy. Sikhism does not specify that marriage should be arranged rather this practiced is influenced by culture, not religion.
  • The most Sikh wedding takes place in the morning and is completed before noon

 Sikh brides dressed in red with her head covered with a chunni (scarf) and during the pheras bride mostly changes her dress and wear a suit.

  • After the final declaration by the bride and the groom to marry, the prenuptial rituals begin-

Engagement ceremony/Kurmai ceremony: In this bhaiji of the gurudwara applies the tilak on the forehead of the groom and recites religious rhymes to shower the blessings followed by Chunni Chadhai ceremony, Gana Rituals

  • The Mehendi and Sangeet are probably the most vibrant rituals in Sikh culture and is most important for all Punjabi brides for marriage.

WEDDING RITUALS – After the groom is dressed in his wedding attire, he mounts a white horse decorated with colorful adornments proceeds to the wedding venue accompanied by his wedding procession consisting of close friends and family members who dance and sing along the way to the venue.

  • The ceremony started with singing the Song of Bliss, Anand Sahib and takes about an hour to complete, in which they explain (the four levans), four stages of married life. Afterward, couple exchange rings and puts a garland of flowers

 After the garland ceremony, lunch is often provided within the marriage hall itself.


  • RECEPTION – The grooms’ parents usually host the wedding reception, which is a formal introduction of the newlywed couple to extended family and friends. Food and drink are served and a lot of entertainment takes place.
  • DOLI – Sikh bride bids an emotional farewell to her family and proceeds to her husband’s house. As she departs, she throws a handful of rice backward towards her mother, symbolically thanking her family for bringing her up and trying to repay them.

The Sikh rituals are almost always religious and are rich in customs and ethos However in modern culture and rituals such as cocktail parties or bachelor parties are being seen in the contemporary times.

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