Your eyes can be injured by exposure to harmful, toxic chemicals that also includes the usual household cleaning products. This chemical exposure can be anything from a direct splash into the eye or stinging fumes as of powerful chemicals. Whatever the cause, it must be taken seriously to avoid the possibility of permanent damage as well as to determine if someone’s in need of cosmetic eye surgery in Dubai.
Immediate safety precaution that you can take is washing the chemical with clean water or particular eyewash solutions, least for 10-15 minutes. Whether the chemical burn is major or minor, seeking medical advice is crucial and do let them know the type of chemical so as to begin treatment accordingly. In case you’ve an eye-cleaning product at home, do adhere to the instructions thereby avoiding further injury and damage to the vision.
Cause of chemical eye burn
Most of the cases reported for chemical eye burns experienced the incident at workplace however, they can occur at home as well through various, strong products. Whether at home or work, an eye injury must be taken seriously and immediately. Cosmetic eye surgery in Dubai may be recommended if someone has experienced chemical burns from;
- Alkali burns
- Acid burn and
Both acidity and alkalinity factor of a substance is measured on a pH scale that ranges from zero to 14 whereby the middle count that is seven (7) indicates a neutral substance. Substances having the pH value less than seven are acids whereas those above seven are alkaline. The more the acidic or basic, more dangerous and damaging it can be.
Alkali burns can penetrate surface of the eye causing severe injury to external structure such as cornea as well as interior like retina (lens). The more the pH, higher would be the damage and the doctor’s likely to recommend cosmetic eye surgery.
Some of the most common alkali substances include caustic soda, magnesium, lime, potassium and hydroxides of ammonia. Common substances found in almost every household may contain these chemicals such as usual cleaning products contain ammonia, drain cleaners have caustic soda, fertilisers, plaster and cement contains lime.
Chemical products having a low pH value are acidic and they’re a little less dangerous/severe than alkali because these products don’t penetrate into the eye immediately. Although the damage is less and remain only to the front of the eye, corneal damage may result in blindness with the exception of hydrofluoric acid which is as dangerous as an alkali.
Common acids that results in eye burns include sulphuric acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, nitric acid and hydrofluoric. These are present in most of the household products such as glass polish that contains hydrofluoric acid, vinegar and nail polish remover including acetic acid and car battery that may explode and result in burn from sulphuric acid.
The above details give an overview of alkali and acids that may cause eye burn with severity leading to cosmetic eye surgery in Dubai. Second part of the series would include details such as prevention, treatment, eye tests and examinations as a follow-up of chemical burn.